A device implanted under the scalp and used to deliver anticancer
drugs to the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Any gene believed to be responsible for the uncontrolled cell growth
A doctor who studies the physical, chemical, and biological properties
of tumors, and researches their development, diagnosis, treatment,
and prevention. A doctor who specializes in treating cancer.
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This procedure, which involved surgical removal of the ovaries,
used to be a common treatment for metastatic breast cancer prior
to the newer estrogen and progesterone antagonists.
Surgical removal of the testicles in male breast cancer patients.
This procedure is not as prevalent since the discovery of the newer,
Plants, animals, and other forms of life that are made up of complex
and interconnected systems of cells and tissue.
A type of bone metastasis in which there is abnormal bone growth.
Both osteolytic and osteoblastic lesions can occur in the same person.
A type of bone metastasis in which the bone is eaten away, producing
a characteristic "moth-eaten" appearance. If left untreated, there
is a high chance of fractures. See osteoblastic.
Surgery, radiation or drug treatment to stop
ovarian egg and hormone production as a treatment for breast cancer.
The pair of female reproductive glands in which the ova, or eggs,
are formed. The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one on each side
of the uterus. The ovaries also produce hormones.
The excess production of growth factor receptors (cell-surface receptors)
that results from alteration of a gene in cancerous cells.